Yangtze River Delta's foreign trade rebounded in the third quarter, Zhejiang's i
China Logistics News: the import and export data of the first three quarters showed that the import and export data of the Yangtze River Delta region picked up.
The import and export data of the first three quarters released in succession show that the import and export data of the Yangtze River Delta region has picked up.
Among them, under the premise that the overall environment is not optimistic, Zhejiang's exports in the first three quarters increased by 1.2% year-on-year, rising against the trend. In addition, from the situation in September, the local import and export data also showed a warming phenomenon. Among them, Hangzhou's import and export also achieved a growth rate of 8.1% in September, and its export even increased by 15%. Shanghai's import and export growth in September also turned from negative to positive.
However, analysts and enterprises interviewed by the 21st century economic report believe that although the data has warmed up, the situation is still grim. From the perspective of the expectation of foreign trade enterprises, the degree of expectation for the future is not too high.
Third quarter data pick up
According to the latest data released by Hangzhou Customs, although the total value of import and export and the growth rate of import decreased by 2.6% and 15%, the total value of foreign trade and export of Zhejiang Province in the first three quarters increased by 1.2%.
According to the analysis of Hangzhou Customs, the characteristics of Zhejiang are the obvious effect of transformation and upgrading and the further optimization of commodity structure. Among them, the export of mechanical and electrical products with high added value and accounting for more than 40% of Zhejiang's exports, as well as high-tech products, maintained a rapid growth, and some labor-intensive products also maintained a good growth rate relying on the increase of added value.
In addition, Zhejiang's cross-border e-commerce and other new trade modes are developing rapidly. Data show that in the first three quarters, 40.5 million orders and 1.61 billion yuan of goods were exported from Hangzhou (China) cross border e-commerce comprehensive pilot zone, with a year-on-year increase of 430 times and 145 times respectively.
Hangzhou Customs believes that with the formal operation of cross-border e-commerce B2B mode, cross-border e-commerce export will become a new engine and a new bright spot of our province's export in the future.
Xu Jianfeng, deputy director of the Economic Research Institute of the Zhejiang Academy of Social Sciences, told the 21st century economic report that Zhejiang's foreign trade has been transformed and upgraded earlier and has a strong adaptability to the new normal economy, so in the whole country, Zhejiang's performance is better and its foreign trade recovery will be relatively fast.
Xu Jianfeng said that the role of cross-border e-commerce in Zhejiang's foreign trade is mainly reflected in promoting the innovation of foreign trade mechanism and enhancing export competitiveness.
In addition, from the data of September, the import and export data of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai all improved to a certain extent.
Among them, Shanghai also showed signs of improvement in September. In September, the growth rate of import and export in a single month changed from decline to increase, achieving a growth rate of 2.5%. In September, exports increased by 7% from a 7.5% drop in August, and the decline in imports also narrowed. The value of imports and exports in a single month was the highest in this year. In September, Hangzhou's import and export grew by 8.1%, and its export grew by 15%.
In this regard, Huang Jianzhong, director of the Institute of international trade of Shanghai University of international business and economics, told the 21st century economic report that in terms of imports, the free trade zone has played a role, and the facilitation of customs clearance, the facilitation of goods in international trade and the construction of a single window have also achieved results. In addition, cross-border e-commerce can also act as a stabilizer and regulator of foreign trade.
In Jiangsu Province, Ma Minglong, director of Jiangsu Provincial Department of Commerce, analyzed the foreign trade situation. He said that the growth rate of import and export of Jiangsu province continued to be better than that of the whole country, the share increased, the structure continued to optimize, and the quality and efficiency improved.
The prospect of foreign trade is still not optimistic
However, the foreign trade enterprises interviewed by the reporter of the 21st century economic report believe that the current foreign trade situation and prospects are still not optimistic.
Zhang Handong, President of Zhejiang Academy of Commerce, also told the 21st century business reporter that the situation of foreign trade enterprises contacted recently is not very good, and the degree of expectation for the future is not high.
Zhang Handong analyzed that from the current situation, private enterprises are easy to face survival problems, so Zhejiang's export enthusiasm is relatively high, which is the fundamental reason why Zhejiang's export is better than that of the whole country. Guangdong and Jiangsu are mostly the export of multinational companies and foreign-funded enterprises. These enterprises with global distribution are not rooted in China and tend to pursue profits obviously. Therefore, there will be more obvious industrial transfer and order transfer in these two places.
Zhang Handong said that despite the high growth in previous years, this year's situation is still not optimistic. He hopes that there will be a little momentum and some qualitative growth at the end of the year.
Ying Xiuzhen, deputy general manager of Ningbo Zhongji group, told the 21st century economic report that although the data have warmed up, it is not a sign of a warmer situation.
Ying Xiuzhen said that there are several reasons. First of all, the orders of this spring's Canton Fair are generally completed in the second half of this year, so the exports in previous years are generally larger in the second half than in the first half of this year. The first phase of this year's Autumn Fair has ended, and the number of foreign businessmen attending the fair is less than in previous years. Secondly, the currencies of BRICs countries continue to depreciate, and the extent of devaluation is still growing, and the replacement of China's labor-intensive products by neighboring countries is increasing.
"One belt, one road," will be disappointed. The foreign trade situation is indeed very grim. We hope that "one belt and one road" will bring more business opportunities. Ying Xiuzhen said.
A person in charge of a foreign trade enterprise engaged in the import and export of agricultural products (15.29%, 0.31% and 2.07%) in Jiangsu told the 21st century economic report that the cost of the enterprise is increasing and the profit margin is small. Next year, the proportion of import and export will be adjusted according to the specific situation.
Zhang Handong said that for enterprises, increasing investment also requires a profit base, and investment is needed in technology research and development and brand marketing. To produce high-end products, there are also technical and economic feasibility problems. Now the government can't just shout slogans, but should think for enterprises in the aspects of streamlining administration and delegating powers, facilitating customs clearance and reducing trade costs.
Huang Jianzhong suggested that for Shanghai, one of the measures that can be adopted at present is to speed up the reform of trade facilitation. At present, the indirect cost of trade is still high. Even in the Shanghai Free Trade Zone, the customs clearance cost of each computer is 2800 yuan, which is much higher than that of Taiwan and Singapore. Two, one belt, one road and the free trade zone, should be fully utilized to accelerate the outward movement and external investment of the production capacity, and to promote foreign trade export with foreign investment, and the layout of international sales channels and products.